The Endocrine System

The Endocrine System is considered the “second great control system” of the body and interacts closely with the nervous system to produce and regulate hormones. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the blood stream while exocrine glands have ducts and secrete non hormonal substances such as tears or oil or sweat. Hormones are chemicals responsible for [...]

The Endocrine System2021-08-04T06:25:32+00:00

Yoga After a Spinal Fusion – Class 1

Pranayama- Ujjayi breathing in to lower abdomen and diaphragm (lying on back) Mudra: Rupa Mudra for Bone Health Body Awareness- place thin support under lumbar spine for isometric abdominal toning (belly button towards spine); one at a time, lift each knee to chest on exhale. […]

Yoga After a Spinal Fusion – Class 12019-10-09T19:43:50+00:00

Spinal Fusion Rehabilitation

Two important concepts throughout the lumbar fusion therapy protocol are maintenance of a neutral spine and core stabilization. Stabilization can be defined as a balance between strength, flexibility and postural control and a neutral spine can be thought of as a dynamic position between flexion and extension, making it possible to maintain a neutral spine [...]

Spinal Fusion Rehabilitation2019-10-09T19:43:50+00:00

Spinal Fusions

Last week a yoga student of mine fell off a ladder and fractured his first lumbar vertebrae. On Monday he underwent a spinal fusion to join together 5 vertebrae, the two above (T11, T12) and the two below (L2, L3). What is a spinal fusion? With a lumbar fusion, a posterolateral approach is common which [...]

Spinal Fusions2019-10-09T19:43:51+00:00

Rotator Cuff Dysfunction

The Rotator Cuff: Supraspinatus- Abductor Infraspinatus- Major external rotator Teres Minor- Assists with external rotation Subscapularis- Internal rotator All 4 muscles serve to stabilize and perform the above actions on the head of the humerus without allowing the scapula to overcome the glenohumeral joint. The result is a smooth rotational movement of the joint to [...]

Rotator Cuff Dysfunction2019-10-09T19:43:51+00:00

What are Cervical Stenosis and Myelopathy?

Cervical Stenosis: Is when the spinal canal is too small for the spinal cord. A normal canal diameter is approximately 13-15mm and a narrowing of the canal of less than 10mm diameter is associated with cervical stenosis. A canal of below 13mm is considered at risk for stenosis. Symptoms of cervical stenosis include neck pain [...]

What are Cervical Stenosis and Myelopathy?2013-07-17T22:40:44+00:00

Herniated Discs, Sciatica & Spinal Stenosis

Dr Loren Fishman, a back-pain and rehabilitative medicine specialist who has long incorporated yoga into patient care and studies Iyengar Yoga, published an article in the New York Times on 5/8/13 called Advice on Practicing Yoga in Middle age. Responding to questions about practicing yoga with herniated disc Dr. Fishman made the following statements: - [...]

Herniated Discs, Sciatica & Spinal Stenosis2013-06-13T21:55:04+00:00


The sciatic nerve innervates all muscles of the posterior thigh, leg and foot. It is as thick as a finger and is formed from the nerve roots that originate from the sacral plexus (groups of nerves) that emerge from the vertebrae between L4 and S3. It is actually two combined nerves, the tibeal nerve and [...]


Gluteal Muscles: Deep

The deep layers of the gluteal muscles are also commonly referred to as “the rotators”. They are a dense strip of 5 muscles and are responsible for laterally rotating the thigh and helping to stabilize the femoral head in the acetabulum. The piriformis is considered to be a landmark of the gluteal region and renowned [...]

Gluteal Muscles: Deep2013-03-01T19:02:32+00:00

Gluteal Muscles: Superficial

The gluteal muscles are comprised of two layers, superficial and deep. The superficial muscles are what we commonly think of as our buttocks and include the gluteus maximus, minimus and medius and the tensor fascia lata. Extensor and lateral rotation: The gluteus maximus is the largest muscle of the body. The maximus attaches to the [...]

Gluteal Muscles: Superficial2013-02-13T18:05:01+00:00


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